What Are English Garden Flowers And How To Use Them To Add Beauty To Your Garden
The English gardening style originated in the early years of the eighteenth century and later on spread to the rest of the parts of Europe thus becoming the most principal form of gardening in Europe. These English gardens were inspired by the olden paintings of landscapes by artists like Claude Lorraine. It consists of a lake with a fresh grove of trees, bridges across the lakes, recreation of Gothic ruins and temples of the ancient times. Some other characteristics of the English garden include grottoes, tea houses, pavilions, sham ruins, statues etc.
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English Garden Design
It is not that difficult to design an English garden if you are determined to create one with utmost interest. There are many ways by which you can make your English garden as attractive as ever.
- Building garden pathways in the English style is done with curves that are graceful and a plant life that is excessive around it. These pathways form a major portion of the beauty of the garden.
- The garden can be built either of natural materials like bark and gravel which give the garden a simple, yet stylish look or by stylish brick or stone pavers. Though the bricks are more expensive than gravel and bark, they add more elegance to the garden.
- A well suited combination of gravel, stones and brick provide an authentic English look to your garden. But remember to avoid patterns that are conservative and include curving designs instead.
- The location for your English garden must be a place filled with peace and tranquility that helps you enjoy the beauty of the nature without any commotions around.
- This is made more pleasing to the eye with the addition of furniture that has an antique look and made of strong wood like teak. The charm of the landscape can also be enhanced by setting up of gazebos, rustic fences and quaint foot bridges.
- The choice of the English garden plants must be carefully made so that the flowers you grow in your English garden don’t remove away the Englishness from it.
Plants best suited for an English garden
Some of the traditional plants that have been grown in an English garden down the years are
the rose plant along with the primroses, foxglove, aromatic honey suckles and among the English garden lake flowers lily is considered to be the best. The only thing being, they are best grown in shady areas.
Roses for the English garden
Roses are the best ever flowers that are suitable for any design of English garden and one without a rose plant is said to be incomplete. There are many varieties of roses that can be grown. Some are,
- Mary Rose: it is a shrub with deep pink flowers and a light fragrance of old rose along with honey and almond. It is not easily attacked by fungal diseases and has the ability to tolerate extreme climate.
- Mayflower: This is another shrub whose bloom is also deep pink with a characteristic of old English rose. They, very rarely produce a bunch of roses and there is full of growth with slightly less matt green foliage compared to the other roses.
- Grace: This kind of rose has the color of an apricot whose petals are cupped thus forming a perfect rosette. It is one of the best roses for the English garden as its color easily blends with other colorful flowers and has a warm and sensuous scent while flowering all the year round.
Perennial flower garden
Chrysanthemum: It is one of the perennial flowers that are available in many colors and sizes and the best time to plant them is the time of spring or the summer. It requires quite a lot of time to develop the root and hence the sooner it is planted, the better. It can also withstand the cold climates of zones 3 and 4. Some of the types are Clara Curtis, Golden Jubilee, Gypsy Pride, Rose Blush etc.
Lavender: It is best known for the wonderful and sweet fragrance it produces and its lovely purple color. This perennial flower that is native to the Mediterranean grows well in soil that is warm and well drained and in almost any kind of climate. It grows up to a height of six inches and there is a variety of lavender like English, French and Spanish lavenders.
Primrose: The primrose blooms at the beginning of the spring season along the rivers and streams and sin crevices of the rock. The soil that the primrose requires to grow must be moist, well drained and fertile. It grows best while in the shade. Some of the different types of primroses are cowslip, common primrose, drumstick primrose and German primrose. They are mostly yellow in color and are easily vulnerable to attacks by snails and slugs.
Candytuft: There can be no English garden that can be completed without the flower of candytuft. They flower for quite a long period in summer and are easy to grow. The bushes of this plant grow very fast and reach up to a height of about eight inches. The blooms are pink, white or lilac in color.
Lilies: Water lilies are one of the species of the English garden lake flowers that make the lake more attractive in addition to which they also prevent the formation of algae in the pond. Tropical water lilies bloom both during the day and night when the temperature is over 70 degrees. Hardy lilies are those which bloom only during the day in any environment and make the best option for gardeners.