Learn All About Aroma Natural Candles – Natural Candles DIY, Tips and Usage
Candles are loved by so many people! And natural candles are becoming more and more popular as people discover their benefits.
Do you love aroma natural candles?
Did you know that 8 out of 10 homes burn candles?
Candles magically create comfort and coziness in your home, melt your stress away, relax and soothe you deeply, remind you of the best moments of your life and create that “just right” atmosphere.
People just love candles.
So, learn all about them, and learn specifically about natural candles.
Table Of Contents
What is Aroma Natural Candle Wax?
Well, that depends!
Completely natural candles are not very common because there is more to a candle than just the wax. Candles consist of wax, color, fragrance and a wick.
Completely all-natural candles are colorless (dyes are synthetic). They’re scented with essential oils made from plants, rather than synthetic fragrance oils. They have cotton (or hemp) wicks. And they’re made of a natural wax like beeswax, soy, palm or other vegetable waxes (not paraffin, which is the most common wax used in candles today).
Candles that use natural wax and wicks, but synthetic fragrance and color, are much more common and are usually what is meant by a natural candle.
There is a debate, actually, about the benefit of natural candle wax (soy, palm, other vegetable wax, beeswax) vs. paraffin (petroleum) wax. Some people believe that natural waxes burn more cleanly than paraffin waxes. Others claim that since all waxes are hydrocarbons and give off carbon when burned (that black stuff, called soot), high quality paraffin wax burns just as cleanly as natural wax. Wick quality, color and fragrance are also factors in the cleanliness of the burn with either natural or paraffin wax.
But . . . natural vegetable waxes (e.g. soy, palm) are non-toxic, non-carcinogenic and biodegradable. They’re unquestionably environmentally friendly, healthy and the best choice, in my opinion!
Natural Candle Wicks
The purpose of candle wicks is to move fuel (melted wax) up to the flame where it vaporizes and burns. Although consumers of candles find the scent to be the most important factor, the wick is actually the most vital in terms of candle construction.
Good wicks are designed to facilitate this process as efficiently and cleanly as possible.
1. Wicks are treated with flame-resistant substances so that they are not burned up by the flame (without a wick, there would be no candle).
2. Some candles contain more than one wick for more complete combustion.
3. Wicks are chosen to work with the type of wax and the candle’s shape, size, color and fragrance.
4. Wicks are shaped according to need e.g. flat, square.
5. Wicks are made up of fibers that are twisted, braided or knitted together. Twisted wicks are usually lower quality and burn faster because they are looser and cause more fuel to reach the flame.
6. Wicks are most often natural wicks. They are usually made of cotton. In the past, a lead core was included to allow the wick to remain stiff. This is now banned in the United States due to health hazards. Now, tin, zinc, paper and synthetic materials are often used in cores. However, it is preferable to purchase candles without zinc or tin cores (i.e. natural cotton coreless wicks).
History of Candles
The history of candles is a long one!
There is evidence of candle use in nearly every human society and candles in some form have been used by humans for more than 5000 years!
The Ancient Egyptians used torches made from soaking the core of reeds or rushes in melted tallow (cattle or sheep fat). These torches were called “rushlights” after the rushes they were made from. Egyptians used wicked candles later, around 3000 BC, but the Romans are thought to have first developed a wicked candle by dipping rolled papyrus (paper made from the pith of an Egyptian aquatic plant) in tallow.
China, Japan and India also used wicked candles. The wicks were made from paper and the wax, from plants and insects.
Dish-shaped candles were used in the Mediterranean region. Wicks were laid in olive oil inside the dish.
Indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest used oil from the eulachon, or “candlefish,” for light.
In the West, tallow was used at first but when beeswax was found to produce a much more enjoyable scent and a cleaner burn, it became used as well, although it was much more expensive.
Candle making began in America in colonial times when women produced a pleasant-smelling, clean-burning wax from bayberries.
By the 18th century, spermaceti, a harder, pleasant-smelling wax from sperm whale oil, was used.
In the 1820’s, Chevreul, a French chemist, discovered how to extract stearic acid from animal fatty acids. From this, stearin wax, a hard, durable, clean-burning wax, was developed. As well, Cambaceres created a plaited wick, rather than the commonly twisted wicks that required high maintenance. Mechanical candle production began in the 1830’s with Morgan’s invention.
Economical paraffin wax was discovered in the 1850’s by separating the wax from petroleum during refining. Paraffin was often mixed with stearic acid.
The most common historical uses for candles for illumination, in religious ceremonies and to keep time. By the 1980’s, candle use began to expand into home decor, ambiance and gifts. Candle varieties, colors, shapes and scents exploded.
Soybean wax and palm wax began to be developed.
Today, candles are widely used for celebration, romance, relaxation, decoration, and many other uses. They are made from a variety of waxes, including paraffin, stearin, beeswax, bayberry, soy and other vegetable waxes. Woven cotton wicks are usually used, sometimes with a wire core.
How Does a Candle Work, Anyway?
A candle is made up of fuel (wax) around a wick. When a wick is lit, some of the wax coating the wick, and some of the wax on the top of the candle, melts & vaporizes. The wax combines with oxygen in the air to form a flame, which melts more wax on the top of the candle. This wax moves up through the wick by capillary action & vaporizes and burns in the flame. As the wax melts and is consumed in the flame, the candle gets shorter. The wick either burns down with the candle or is trimmed.
Hang On . . . What is the Heck Capillary Action?
Capillary action is defined as the movement of a liquid along the surface of a solid caused by the molecules of the liquid being attracted to the molecules of the solid. Pretty simple when you think about liquid wax moving up a solid wick.
The Top Five Most Common Candles
- Jar or container candles.
Experiences of Natural Candles
Candles bring up different experiences for different people. Certain scents might just naturally relax you (e.g. lavender, vanilla). Some scents might remind you of great childhood memories. Other scents might bring up other memories from throughout your life. Or, they might be related to something that you love and just make you feel comforted or cozy (e.g. coffee scented candles or candles that smell like home-baked goodies).
Secrets to Burning Candles Successfully
- Always keep burning candles in sight; attend them at all times.
- Only burn your candles as long as the manufacturer recommends.
- Trim the wick to 1/4″ each time you burn the candle.
- Make sure the wax pool is free of wick trimmings and other debris.
- The flame should only be 1/2″ to 3/4″ high. If it’s higher, you need to trim the wick or blow the candle out.
- Burn votives in a snug, glass votive holder for best performance. Votives will not burn as long and may collapse if place on a flat holder.
- Use candle holders designed for use with candles.
- Place candle holders on stable surfaces and in areas where they are safe if you have children and pets.
- Burn candles in areas free from drafts e.g. vents, ceiling fans, floor fans.
- But, burn candles in well-ventilated areas.
- Burn candles in areas free from items that may catch fire e.g. drapes, paper, bedding.
- Make sure candles are completely extinguished before leaving them unattended.
- Only touch and move candles that are not burning, and that has been completely cooled.
- Remove all packaging before burning candles.
- Extinguish your candles with a candle snuffer.
- Discontinue burning candles when 1/2″ of wax remains.
- To minimize wax left on the sides of the jars or holders, burn candles 1 hour for each inch of its diameter to allow the flame time to melt the wax to the outer edge.
- Burning for less time will cause the candle to form a hole down the middle and shorten the burn time.
- Never extinguish a candle by placing the lid on a jar. It may cause the jar to break. Let the candle cool before replacing the lid.
- Keep candles out of direct sunlight so they retain their color.
- Store candles in a cool, dry place.
It makes sense to burn natural candles. They’re safe. They’re environmentally friendly. And they’re great quality. Let Me Know What You Think About Natural Candles!