List Of Garden Flowers – Different Types Of Flowers And Their Names
A flower garden is which is full of flowers and serve for decorative purposes. A flower garden may be designed in way that has a sequence of flowers blooming at different times of the year. Flowering plants provide an exquisite beauty to the garden. Not only do they add beauty but also spread a sweet fragrance in the air. A flower garden must be set up according to the color of the flowers and the time of their blooming. There is a list of flowers that are suitable for growth at home gardens.
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List of perennial flowers for the garden
Perennial flowers are those that live for more than three seasons but do not bloom in their first year of planting when grown from seed. This is because there is no enough maturity in the plants enough to produce flowers. A perennial flower can live for about three to five years and later need to be replaced with a new plant. Some of them are,
It is the common name for Agapanthus and flowers normally during the summer season. The stalks of the African lilies are 60 to 120 cm tall and the flowers are funnel shaped with colors blue or white. The leaves are thick and the plant grows best when planted indoors and then shifted to the outer garden area.
The perennial garden plant whose scientific name is aquilegia is known for the spurred nature of the petals of the flowers and is propagated by seed. It grows upto a height of 15 to 20 inches and in the sun. However, it is better to grow it in an area with partial shade with well drained soil. It also has the capacity of withstanding the conditions caused due to dry and average soil and are mostly blue in color.
Scientifically called Asteraceae or Compositae it has the largest family of vascular plants. The species are available in many colors white, pink, yellow and purple. They are generally grown from seeds and directly under the sun. The soil required for growing daisies must be very fertile, well drained and with lots of nutrients. Adding a phosphorous fertilizer helps in the formation of large and bright flowers.
A daffodil is one of the perennial flowers that are known for its extreme beauty. They bear flowers that are yellow in color and trumpet shaped against a backdrop of a shape of a star. They bloom in clusters during the start of spring in varied sizes. The size of the flowers ranges from half an inch to five inches. The soil that is suitable for a daffodil to grow must be well drained and slightly acidic and the plant requires excessive amount of water to grow well.
It is scientifically classified as Alcea rosea ans are taller when compared to other flowering plants. It grows upto six feet in height with slender stems and bears double or semi-double flowers. There is a variety of colors available and the leaves have a coarse texture. The plant grows best when planted fully under the sun in a well drained soil rich in humus and a neutral pH. It needs a good circulation of air to avoid the development of fungus.
The scientific name of Lenten rose is Helleborus orientalis. They are perennials whose leaves are green in warm climates and ratty during the times of winter. The flower begins to bloom in purple color and then fades to a lighter mauve. Some other colors of this flower are red, yellow, blue, green and pink. It requires partial shade to keep the vibrant colors of the sepals and foliage. Add compost to the soil to improve the look of the flowers and plants.
Other common garden flowers
Dahlia or Dahlia variabilis blooms during the months of July to October and grows in an area that is sunny but with proper protection from the wind. It grows up to six feet tall and should be planted in the garden at the right time. The size of the flower ranges from two to twelve inches wide and grows in many shapes. It grows well in most but soil, provided it is not saturated. Some colors which dahlia blooms are yellow, pink, purple, white and red.
The marigold or the tagetes plant is an annual which blooms during the later months of spring and its early fall. It thrives well under the sun and is capable of withstanding moderate drought conditions. It is available in bright hues of orange and yellow. Marigold flowers keep the bugs away from the garden thus protecting other plants from them.
Petunia is a flower that is available in a variety of colors whose flowers are trumpet shaped and foliage is branched, hairy and slightly sticky. It is capable of growing in almost any condition, just that it requires frequent watering. It is perfect for the landscaping as well as the container gardens and is ideal to bloom during the summer.
Campanula or Canterbury bell is a flower that blossoms during the months of June and July in shades of white, pink and blue. The blooming season can be lengthened by properly plucking the seed pods. There are many varieties of campanula like the three-foot perennial persicifolia and four foot perennial lactifloria. All the varieties grow well in any kind of soil that is healthy and in a sunny spot.
Also called digitalis, the biennial is available in colors like pink, red and white. It blooms during the month of June and is capable of growing up to a height of six feet. It requires soil that is rich in nutrients and moist. It can either grow well in the sun or partially in the shade. A second crop of flowers grow in the late summer it cut back after blooming. It is self sowing and must carefully be covered during the winter.