Common Plants For Medicinal Herb Garden At Home
An herb garden or a kitchen herb garden is a separate place in the garden which is devoted to the best herbs that are useful in one form or the other. The herbs in the gardens may either be used for additional flavor to the food or can also be grown for ornamental purpose.
The herb garden can be grown both in pots and containers as it has an advantage of portability. Herbs are easier to grow and maintain than the maintenance of other plants as the herbs are too small in size. There is also an option of growing the herbs indoors.
Choosing the right herbs
For beginners it is better to start with the herbs that are simple and easy to grow. Choose the herbs that are used the most in the kitchen or for medicinal purpose and make sure you plant the herbs where there is an easy access for you so that it is easy for you to collect the necessary herbs you want for use.
There should be enough of space and sunlight for the herbs to grow and if there is no such place around your house, go for the herbs that do not take up much space or need sunlight. If you have chosen to grow medicinal herbs, learn about all the medicinal qualities that the herb possesses and also the different recipes that form an herbal medicine.
Best herb garden plants
It known especially for its beauty and the excellent taste it offers to the tongue. This is one of the most familiar plants for the herb garden. The Bay laurel seedlings sometimes grow into huge trees when planted on the ground, but if pruned, it can thrive as just a small bush. Growing the plants from seeds, as they have a very slow germination rate may be difficult but there are effective options like layering and cuttings. But if the seeds are treated with gibberellic acid they can yield better. It is used in respiratory disorders like asthma and chronic bronchitis.
It is both a culinary and medicinal herb that that features mainly in the Italian cuisine. It tastes like anise whose odor is strong and pungent but sweet. There are many varieties of basil that can be grown in the garden. It has compounds that prevent cancer, viral infections and microbial infections. The basil needs a great exposure to the sun and grows upto six inches in height. You can grow this plant from seed during the late spring season. It flowers in the months of July to September and the right season for harvest is the summer season.
This is one of the easiest plants to grow in your indoor herb garden as well as outdoors. For a beginner it is ideal to plant four to six plants in your garden. Plant the dill completely in succession so that there is a production of fresh dill. You can start growing dill from seed during the early season of spring.
It starts flowering in the months of June and July. Summer is the right time for dill to be harvested when the flowers have faded and the top of the plant turns brown and seeds develop. It is used to add a spicy flavor to the salads and seasoned fish. It is used in treating respiratory disorders and curing bad breath and to ripen blood boils.
The oregano herb can be used either fresh or after drying. It has plenty of uses in cooking as it can be added to enhance the taste of the meat products and condiments. You can plant and grow just two of the herbs and can use it whenever needed.
It is a perennial herb and can be started form seeds or cuttings. The best time to start growing the oregano herb is the season of autumn and spring. It bears flowers during the months of July to September and the harvest season for oregano is summer. There is no need to add fertilizer to the plant as the strength of the flavor goes down. It has high anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties due to the presence of phenolic acids and flavonoids.
It is an annual herb and grows better when started with the seed during the early spring and grows upto two feet in height. The seeds are known as coriander and the leaves cilantro. The germination time of the coriander seeds is about two weeks.
If you are planning to grow coriander in containers, make sure it is at least 15 cm deep to enable the easy development of the root. It flowers in July and August and the seeds develop in the early summer. If the container is kept indoors, care should be taken that it receives a lot of sunlight. Growth can be improved by adding a liquid fertilizer to the soil. It is used in treating indigestion, dysentery and ulcerative colotis.
Chillies grow well in a warm and humid climate and are mostly grown in pots or grow-bags. As the chillies are rich in vitamin C, they stimulate the blood circulation and also provide a boost to the metabolism thereby increasing the energy and have a hot taste.
It you are planning to grow chillies indoors it is good to sow the seeds during the month of March else April is the right time for growing chillies under a cloche or glass to enhance the warmth and protection from cold winds. The soli for growing chillies must be fertile and well drained. Water the chillies regularly but avoid flooding. They can be harvested once the chillies are red or green in color but the longer the chilli remains on the plant, the hotter it tastes.
Chives are perennial herbs that grow better when started with a seed or a bulb. They grow upto a height of 45 cm and bears purple colored flowers that are attractive. They are added in salads, stir fries and sandwiches and rich in sulphur. Before planting the seeds, the soil must be well weeded. It is best to plant during the spring time and in bunches with five bulbs in each bunch. Soil with a pH of 6 to 7 is ideal for growing Chives. They flower in July to August and can be harvested throughout the year.